Aramaic Sources of Mark's Gospel
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This 1999 book was the first to use all the Aramaic Dead Sea Scrolls to reconstruct original Aramaic sources from parts of Mark's Gospel. The scrolls enabled the author to revolutionize the methodology of such work, and to reconstruct whole passages which he interpreted in their original cultural context. The passages from which sources are reconstructed are Mark 9.11-13; 2.23-3.6; 10.35-45; and 14.12-26. A detailed discussion of each passage is offered, demonstrating that these sources are completely accurate accounts from the ministry of Jesus, from early sabbath disputes to his final Passover. An account of the translation process is given, showing how problems in Mark's text arose from the difficulty of translating some Aramaic expressions into Greek, including the notoriously difficult 'son of man'. A very early date for these sources is proposed, implying a date of c. 40 CE for Mark's Gospel.
'... this learned and very informative work has much to offer on the Aramaic of Jesus and the Gospel tradition.' The Heythrop Journal '... represent what is probably the most significant contribution in English to the study of the Aramaic background of the Jesus movement and the production of the Gospels since Matthew Black's An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts, first published in 1946.' Neotestamentica